The main types of insurance a photographer will need is:
Public Liability Insurance
This covers photographers against third party claims ( other members of the public). These claims can be for injury or damage you may of caused to another person or their property. If you scratched someones car with a tripod, the owner can claim against you, and this compensation will be covered by the Insurance.
Professional indemnity Insurance
This provides essential cover if the photographer is in a dispute with a client. The cost of defending themselves are paid, or compensation is paid to the client. This covers things like loss of media from an event like a wedding.
Photographic equipment insurance
Insuring your photography kit is a key part of insurance. You need to be able to replace a camera or laptop quickly, knowing that you don’t have to pay out the full amount. I find loss cover is helpful as it is very easy to loose kit on the job.